Le mérite contre la justice


Second Edition

The notions of merit and equal opportunity constitute not only the precepts of a society where strong inequalities persist, but that they are, in certain ways, contrary to justice. Read More

The notions of merit and equal opportunity have so many devotees that they have become the foundation of a certain neoliberal political viewpoint. This work demonstrates that they constitute not only the precepts of a society where strong inequalities persist, but that they are, in certain ways, contrary to justice.

Marie Duru-Bellat presents the analysis of what one generally hears about merit, the logic that's conferred to us at school, and how this perception evolves in the course of professional life, underlining its arbitrary social characteristics. She then reviews the structural factors (social, psychological, economic) which determine the destiny of an individual, rejecting the deeply individualist rhetoric of merit, which would espouse that the situation of the individual strictly follows from personal choices.

Finally, Merit Vs. Justice emphasizes the necessity to equate the principal of merit with other principles - doubtless giving less weight to diplomas - and redefine its content. It's the sacrosanct French style meritocracy which is thus dissected and put into question!

Marie Duru-Bellat is a sociologist, specializing in questions of education, a professor at Sciences Po Paris and a researcher at Observatoire sociologique du changement (OSC) and at Institut de recherche en éducation (Iredu). She works on the subjects of educational politics, and social and gender inequality in the academic system - both in France and in Europe.


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ePub (EPUB) - In French 9.99 €
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Specifications


Publisher
Presses de Sciences Po
Edition
2
Author
Marie Duru-Bellat,
Collection
Essai
Language
French
Tags
, Equality
Publisher Category
> Exams > Exams Humanities
Publisher Category
> Sociology > Society
Publisher Category
> Exams
Publisher Category
> Society
Publisher Category
> Sociology
BISAC Subject Heading
POL000000 POLITICAL SCIENCE
Onix Audience Codes
06 Professional and scholarly
CLIL (Version 2013-2019)
3283 SCIENCES POLITIQUES
Title First Published
22 July 2009
Subject Scheme Identifier Code
Thema subject category: Politics & government
Type of Work
Monograph
Original Language
English

Paperback


Publication Date
30 May 2019
ISBN-13
9782724624601
Product Content
Text (eye-readable)
Extent
Main content page count : 188
Code
9782724624601
Dimensions
11 x 18 cm
Weight
170 grams
List Price
15.00 €
ONIX XML
Version 2.1, Version 3

ePub


Publication Date
30 May 2019
ISBN-13
9782724624625
Product Content
Text (eye-readable)
Code
9782724624625
Technical Protection ebook
Adobe DRM
List Price
9.99 €
ONIX XML
Version 2.1, Version 3

Google Book Preview


Contents


Introduction 

CHAPITRE 1. LE MÉRITE. JUSTIFICATIONS PSYCHOLOGIQUES, JUSTIFICATIONS SOCIALES 
Naturaliser le social, une tentation récurrente  
Croire au mérite : entre confort psychologique et idéologie  
Des variations selon la position sociale  
Les habits scolaires de l'idéologie méritocratique  
Scepticisme et divergences face à la méritocratie  
Conclusion  

CHAPITRE 2. LE MÉRITE À TRAVERS LE PRISME DUMÉRITE SCOLAIRE  
Les carrières scolaires, un reflet bien imparfait du mérite  
L'école, un espace de compétition non neutre 
Particularités et ambiguïtés du mérite scolaire  
Des inégalités justes ou injustes ?  
Un mérite scolaire fort critiqué  
Conclusion 

CHAPITRE 3. LE MÉRITE DANS LA VRAIE VIE  
Les acteurs, contre la tyrannie des diplômes  
Le mérite, c’est ce qui est jugé méritoire  
Le marché du mérite et ses déterminants structurels  
L’horizon incertain de la méritocratie  
Conclusion  

CHAPITRE 4. L’ENFERDU(SEUL) MÉRITE  
Une perversion des missions du climat et de l’école  
La partialité légitime des familles  
Les coûts du culte de la performance dans le monde du travail  
Peut-on se passer du mérite ? 
Conclusion  

Conclusion  

Bibliographie

Remerciements