Table of Contents: The political career of Dopamine - The europeanization of employment policies - The erosion of the Algerian tabous - Kants' cosmopolitan right, a reassessment. Read More
THE POLITICAL CAREER OF DOPAMINE
CIRCULATION AND APPROPRIATION OF A SCHOLAR REFERENCE IN THE FIELD OF DRUG POLICIES
By analyzing the career of a scholar reference in political and administrative fields, this paper aims at explaining the processes that enable the use of an "idea" for political purpose. It thus appears necessary to study the circulation and appropriation dynamics that make a scientific concept available to political and/or administrative actors, and to understand how it can be referenced to a political issue, an advocacy or a public policy. This case-study shows how dopamine (conceived as the neurotransmitter of addictions) contributed to an important shift in French drug policies at the end of the last century.
THE EUROPEANIZATION OF EMPLOYMENT POLICIES.
INSTRUMENTS AND IMPACTS
Two main criticisms are usually addressed against European studies in the field of employment policies: 1/ "Europeanization" would be an old and odd concept in the field of employment policies; 2/ Because of the weakness of European instruments, the EU wouldn't limit the polarization between Welfare regimes. The results of a recent PhD Thesis about “Activation” of social policies in France, Spain and the Netherlands show that we can nuance and discuss these recurring arguments. Policy instruments and policy principles have converged since the launch of the European Employment Strategy in 1997. European procedures of harmonisation were an independent variable of social changes in France, Spain and the Netherlands.
THE EROSION OF THE ALGERIAN TABOUS
AN ALTERNATIVE EXPLANATION OF THE TRANSFORMATION OF THE MILITARY ORGANIZATIONS IN FRANCE
The thesis of adaptation, dominant in academic and strategic circles, explains the transformation of military organizations only from the changes of the international environment since the end of the Cold War, maintaining a deterministic, functionalist and disembodied vision of change. Through the observation of the genesis of the civil military activities in France between 1992 and 2005, we raise an alternative track paying particular attention to the evolution of social interactions between officers. It is primarily the erosion of the taboos systems inherited from the war in Algeria, which contributes to the current transformation of the military actors and organizations.
KANT'S COSMOPOLITAN RIGHT, A REASSESSMENT
THE EUROPEAN CITIZENSHIP BETWEEN THE RIGHT OF VISIT AND THE RIGHT OF RESIDENCE
In his Perpetual Peace Project, Kant keeps stumbling upon the same theoretical issue: what legal architecture could maintain political communities under a same authority without depriving them from their sovereignty? The answer to that question is to be found in a rather surprising place : in Kant's defence of a limited right to immigration. Kant's cosmopolitan right to hospitality is divided between an unconditional right to sojourn and the privilege of the residence. I will argue that the institutionalization of cosmopolitanism ultimately rests on a transnational communication made possible by the migrations flows and therefore requires a progressive blurring of this distinction between sojourn and residence. This paves the way to the reinterpretation of Kant's right to hospitality as the right for migrants to have access to an integration process.