L'égalité sous conditions
Genre, parité, diversité
Gender, Parity, Diversity
What do contemporary uses of parity and diversity, as well as controversies surrounding the so-called "gender theory", say about the French principle of equality? How do they help us to understand the persistence of economic and social inequalities despite equality being enshrined in the law?
A cross-cutting analysis of reports, speeches, quantitative data and qualitative studies shows that by transforming the factors of exclusion and discrimination into factors of inclusion, the promotion of parity and diversity produces a form of equality under condition ofthe performance of differencesfor the “non-brother”.
Policies of inclusion in the name of the wealth of differences do not, in fact, challenge the central role that gender and racial complementarity play in the political order. On the contrary, they are used as conditions and justifications. By re-appropriating certain critical approaches, in particular feminist and postcolonial perspectives, these policies contribute to the neoliberal paradigm, going so far as to commodify the principle of equality.
In order for equality to regain its political weight, isn't it time for us to condemn this neoliberal ruse, which consists of paralysing — even poisoning — equality, while simultaneously singing its praises?