Frustrations populaires et vagues populistes
frustrations of the people and the tide of populism
« Democracy is an open book whose pages are not yet written. Democracies are invented, modified, adapted, and are far from having exhausted the resources of imagination and experimentation. If a revolution is needed, it is there ».
Imperfect by nature, democracy provokes both criticism and disillusionment. This permanent state of crisis and questioning is its Achilles heel, but also its greatness.
Today, nothing seems to be able to stem the wave of populism that has swept over the world. Ideals of freedom, equality, and fraternity are receding everywhere, while people fall prey to the temptation of the strong leader.
But are we really on the eve of the collapse of democracy? In view of the economic and political changes underway in countries like Italy, the United States, the United Kingdom, and France, the author argues that democracies will reinvent themselves. As they have always done over the last 200 years, by incorporating outside elements, such as the rule of law, political liberalism, or the welfare state.
Yves Mény is a political scientist and past president of the European University Institute in Florence. He has also taught at the University of Rennes, Paris II, and Sciences Po, as well as many other universities overseas. Among his publications are La Corruption de la République (Fayard, 1992) and, with Yves Surel, Parle le people, pour le people. Populismes et démocraties (Fayard, 2000).
Idéologies, partis politiques et groupes sociaux
Études réunies par Yves Mény pour Georges Lavau