Handicap et travail
Disability and work
Disabled people face persistent marginalisation on the job market. The French figures speak for themselves: an employment rate of 35% and an unemployment rate of 19%. To understand this observation that persists in spite of the numerous policies implemented since the early 20th century, the author presents the situation of this population on the job market and takes stock of the numerous existing measures, which are generally not well known and rarely evaluated: quotas, right to freedom from discrimination, protected and adapted workplaces, adapted workstations, assistance in finding and maintaining employment, reclassification, and so forth.
This overview of the situation, with contributions from international research, demonstrates the importance of changing practices and representations surrounding disability within organizations, in order to facilitate the hiring, career progression and job satisfaction of disabled workers.