Capitalismes asiatiques et puissance chinoise
Diversité et recomposition des trajectoires nationales
Asian Capitalisms and Chinese Power
The Diverse Reconfigurations of National Trajectories
Today, all East and Southeast Asian countries are capitalist, with the exception of North Korea. Over the course of twenty years, intraregional relations grew stronger and the Asian world was integrated into the process of globalisation, ultimately becoming a major player.
China plays a special role in the rise of Asian capitalism. Its economic dynamism, linked with the State's power, allows it to challenge the dominant position that the United States had enjoyed in the region. Thanks to a remarkable level of cost competitiveness based on both the production of small farmers who have become salaried employees and the technical and organisational skills of protected workers, China exports its products to all its neighbouring countries and imposes its own industrial standards on them, sometimes even acquiring large swathes of their economies.
Faced with this new Chinese hegemony, other Asian countries have been forced to adapt their strategies and institutions, while preserving their own designs on emergence. Consequently, various national forms of capitalism arise and co-exist. As a laboratory of contemporary forms of capitalism and the driver of global growth, Asia prefigures the major economic and geopolitical transformations of the decades to come.