Donner la priorité aux moins qualifiés
Prioritising low-skilled workers
Professional training greatly increases employment opportunities for low-skilled youth. On the flipside, its effectiveness is virtually naught for more educated individuals. Despite this reality, sandwich training largely takes place in the context of higher education, to the detriment of lower skill levels. Instead of enhancing social mobility, the current state of professional training in higher education reproduces, and even exacerbates, existing inequalities.
Public assistance should therefore be channelled to areas where its impact with will effective and fair: in upper secondary education. This is an overarching goal in France, where 120,000 youths exit the school system each year with at most the 'Brevét des Collèges' (the national diploma awarded at the end of ninth grade). As this work demonstrates, it shall be necessary to modify the governance of vocational education and funding for sandwich training in order to reach this objective.
Pierre Cahuc is a professor at CREST ENSAE and the École polytechnique. Marc Ferracci is a professor at the Université Panthéon Assas.