La réforme des armées en France
Sociologie de la décision
Military Reform in France
Sociology of the decision
In February 1996, French president Jacques Chirac announced the greatest reform of the French army since that of General de Gaulle in 1962. France adopted the model of the career army and ended obligatory military service; the format of the army was profoundly changed, and the terrestrial component of nuclear détente was dismantled.
Who governs defense policy in France? What are the respective roles of the president of the republic, the prime minister, the military hierarchy, the ministry of finance, or parliament? In response to these questions, Bastien Irondelle renews our understanding of French defense policy since the end of the cold war. It analyzes how the military converted to the idea, to the taboo, of an integral professionalism and how defense ministry officials and the military hierarchy were mobilized to achieve this "risk."
Based on 110 interviews with the highest-level political, civil and military officials, the author scrutinizes the decision-making processes concerning the great political orientations of defense, munitions programs (Rafale, the Leclerc, the Charles-de-Gaulle aircraft carriers), nuclear dissuasion and the elaboration of the defense budget, all to illuminate the importance of presidential leadership.
Bastien Irondelle est diplômé de Sciences Po et titulaire de masters en sciences politiques, relations internationales et études stratégiques. Il a obtenu son doctorat en science politique à Sciences Po en 2003. Lauréat du prix de thèse l'Institut des hautes études de défense nationale (IHEDN), il a rejoint le CERI en 2005.
Les mots de l'Europe
Lexique de l'intégration européenne
Gouverner (par) les finances publiquesGoverning (via) Public Finance
This book analyses public finances, in a context marked by the issue of government debt, budget constraints and the renewed policy of rigor and fiscal reforms.