Marie Duru-Bellat is a sociologist and emeritus professor at Sciences Po, and a researcher at the Observatoire sociologique du changement, and the Institut de recherche sur l'éducation.
The notions of merit and equal opportunity constitute not only the precepts of a society where strong inequalities persist, but that they are, in certain ways, contrary to justice.
Although the notion of gender was promoted by sociologists to shed light on relations of domination, invoking it at every opportunity – from the feminisation of language to political parity – establishes the idea that men and women are still, above all, and in every way prototypes of their sex group rather than unique individuals.
The question of inequality has become central to contemporary social debates and the source of these inequalities in childhood is increasingly a focus of research particularly given that overall inequalities are growing, whether they are read in terms of social class or identity. But how do these inequalities develop in childhood?
Sylvie Octobre, Régine Sirota