The rejection of the Constitutional Treaty in 2005 by French and Dutch citizens, followed by the Irish "no" in 2008, and then Brexit in 2016, has plunged the European Union into a serious crisis. It has led to the resurgence of doubts and uncertainties as to its institutional nature, the distribution of powers, the role of citizens and opinions, and its ability to confront the global issues of today.
Understanding this crisis and its profound repercussions on the politics of member states requires us to confront the complexity of the Union, without exaggerating its scope. This book aims to provide evidence for the coherence and originality of the European political regime
It analyses the nature of the “federation of states” and shows how conflicts in competency are resolved within it and revisits the original institutional balance of the “community model” and the decision-making mechanisms it generates. It explores the “political life” that is sketched out in the Union and questions the ways in which this federation of states can become genuinely democratic.
Moving beyond traditional dichotomies and making compromise the main principle of European political life, this volume constitutes a genuine reference that allows us to better understand the challenges facing the European Union.