In France, there is a dual labor market: one with stable jobs heavily protected and the other with precarious employment whose durations are getting shorter and shorter. What is the origin of this contractual dualism and how does it affect the functioning of the French labor market ? Read More
Since the end of the 'Trente Glorieuses' and the persistent rise in mass unemployment, so-called atypical contracts, have been proposed as an imperfect solution to replace CDIs, or permanent, open-ended contracts. While CDIs (contrat à durée indéterminée) are still the norm, accounting for close to 86 per cent of the salaried workforce in 2013, the labour market is now subject to a strong dichotomy. Instead of the stable and protected status granted by CDIs, a significant portion of the population is now experiencing precarity, with CDDs (contrat à durée déterminée, or fixed-term contracts) and temporary contracts accounting for 9 and 2 per cent of workers respectively. The authors of this short volume propose a clear and remarkably accessible analysis of the causes and effects of this ‘contract dichotomy’.
François Fontaine is a professor of economics at the Université Paris 1 Panthéon-Sorbonne and at the École d’économie of Paris. Franck Malherbet is a professor of economics at the Université de Rouen and a researcher with the Centre de recherche en économie et statistique (CREST – Centre for Economics and Statistics Research).