Gouvernement & action publique 03-2, avril-juin 2014

Les avatars du néo-libéralisme dans la fabrique des politiques européennes
First Edition

Tables of contents: Competition, security and climate change European flexicurity and the danish model The European commission and higher education Facing ideational dillemmas: The European Central Bank During the Eurozone crisis Read More

AVATARS OF NEOLIBERALISM IN EU POLICY-MAKING
This special issue deals with the institutionalization of neoliberal ideas in European policy-making. The introductory article considers that European ideas are not fixed at the European level and then implemented with variations at the national level. On the contrary, the European policy process generates avatars of neoliberalism, that is modified and reshaped forms of neoliberal policy solutions which are negotiated already at the stage of policy formulation. This article develops an approach emphasizing agents' political work in contrasted and changing institutional settings in order to explain the different forms of European neoliberal policies. This innovative approach is substantiated by the articles gathered in this issue which deal with different EU policy sectors (monetary policy, energy, employment and higher education).
KEYWORDS: EU POLICY-MAKING – IDEAS – INSTITUTIONAL CONFIGURATION – NEOLIBERALISM –POLITICAL WORK

COMPETITION, SECURITY AND CLIMATE CHANGE: EUROPEAN ENERGY
POLICY AND THE LIMITS OF FRAMING

Despite its lack of strong competences in this field, the European Commission has sought to develop a common energy policy. This article shows how the Commission has skilfully framed a common energy policy by linking the construction of the internal energy market to climate change and secure and stable supplies of energy, in order to legitimize its intervention in a policy field that was traditionally considered as a prerogative of the Member States. To some extent, this frame has been institutionalized and resonates with Member States. The comparison of Germany and Poland illustrates that the effectiveness of this framing follows from its heterogeneous nature. Yet, the Commission’s discursive strategy reaches institutional and material limits and reveals contradictions. We examine the institutional and structural conditions explaining the success or the failure of the framing.
KEYWORDS: ENERGY AND CLIMATE POLICY – FRAMING – EUROPEAN UNION

EUROPEAN FLEXICURITY AND THE DANISH MODEL: A TWO-STEPS STRATEGY
OF PERSUASION THROUGH EXPERTISE

The European model of flexicurity reconciles flexibility on the labour markets and security for the workers. The article examines how political and bureaucratic actors of the European Commission have adapted to a challenging political and institutional context. The Danish "golden triangle of flexicurity" has first helped to get around strong opposition from European trade unions’ representatives. This framing had then to be softened in order to avoid Member States reluctance to adopt such a national framing. This article explains why some experts, and not others, have been mobilised. It underlines the strategic dimension of expertise and evaluates its effects on the weakening of political conflict.
KEYWORDS: EUROPEAN UNION – EMPLOYMENT POLICIES – FLEXICURITY – DANISH MODEL – TRADE-UNIONS

THE EUROPEAN COMMISSION AND HIGHER EDUCATION: NEOLIBERALISATION OF DISCOURSE AS A MEANS OF POWER?
This articles studies the evolution of the discursive strategy of the European Commission in the domain of higher education. It seaks to explain if and how a neoliberalised discourse is a ressource in a sector with very limited formal EU competence. The article analyses the initial discursive link between European higher education and market, and the way it has been shaped depending upon institutional conditions and political work of actors. In the actual situation, Commission has a much more clearly neoliberal dicourse, which nevertheless does not make the institution as powerful as often stated. The Commission has actually to deal with the Bologna process, or mechanism of coordination of HE policies that developed on the margins of the EU, and which has a slightly different ideological echo (i.e. less neoliberal). The Bologna process has institutionalised and developped a specific identity and working culture and is not so easy to control or absorb for the European Commission.
KEYWORDS: BOLOGNA PROCESS – DISCURSIVE STRATEGY – EUROPEAN COMMISSION – HIGHER EDUCATION – NEOLIBERALISM

FACING IDEATIONAL DILLEMMAS: THE EUROPEAN CENTRAL BANK DURING
THE EUROZONE CRISIS

This article aims at answering two central questions: Why did the European Central Bank kept on defending an orthodox model of central banking while its response to the crisis deviated from it – and how did it manage to do so? I explain first how ideas were decisive for the ECB creation by focusing on the diffusion of the concepts of the new classical macro economy and on the orthodox model of the Bundesbank. Yet, the ECB implementation of heterodox monetary measures in order to answer to the eurozone crisis triggered internal and external tensions which endangered its organizational unity. The ECB dilemma consisted thus in implementing the necessary crisis measures while protecting its original orthodox reputation. I adopt a constructivist grid of analysis in order to analyse how it did so in its official communication and in the instrumentation of its monetary policy. Finally, I show that these strategies helped the ECB agents to protect and enhance their reputation within crucial Ecofin arenas.
KEYWORDS: EUROPEAN CENTRAL BANK – EUROZONE CRISIS – ORDO-LIBERALISM – STRATEGIC CONSTRUCTIVISM


Paperback - In French 20.00 €

Specifications


Publisher
Presses de Sciences Po
Author
,
Journal
Gouvernement & action publique
ISSN
22600965
Language
French
BISAC Subject Heading
POL000000 POLITICAL SCIENCE
Onix Audience Codes
06 Professional and scholarly
Credit
Presses de Sciences Po
Title First Published
23 June 2014
Subject Scheme Identifier Code
Thema subject category: Politics and government
Type of Work
Journal Issue

Paperback


Publication Date
23 June 2014
ISBN-13
978-2-7246-3355-9
Product Content
Text (eye-readable)
Extent
Main content page count : 155
Code
9782724633559
Dimensions
16 x 24 x 0.8 cm
Weight
170 grams
List Price
20.00 €
ONIX XML
Version 2.1, Version 3

Google Book Preview


Contents


DOSSIER

Les avatars du néo-libéralisme dans la fabrique des politiques européennes
Amandine Crespy (CEVIPOL/IEE, Université libre de Bruxelles) et Pauline Ravinet (CERAPS, Université Lille 2)

Marché, sécurité, environnement
Le cadrage imparfait de la politique énergétique de l'Union européenne
Maya Jegen (Département de science politique, Université du Québec)

Le modèle danois et la flexicurité européenne
Une « stratégie à deux bandes » de persuasion par l’expertise
Hélène Caune (CEE, Sciences Po)

La Commission européenne et l’enseignement supérieur
La néo-libéralisation du discours comme ressort de pouvoir ?
Pauline Ravinet (CERAPS, Université Lille 2)

L’art du grand écart
La Banque centrale européenne face aux dilemmes provoqués par la crise de la zone euro
Clément Fontan (CERAPS, IEP de Lille)

LECTURES
Comptes rendus

Vivien Schmidt, Mark Thatcher (eds) (2013), Resilient Liberalism in Europe’s Political Economy, Cambridge, Cambridge University Press
par Antoine Maillet (CERI, Sciences Po)

Charles Sabel, Jonathan Zeitlin (eds) (2010), Experimentalist Governance in the European Union: Towards a New Architecture, Oxford, Oxford University Press
par Jay Rowell (UMR SAGE, Université de Strasbourg)

Armin Schäfer, Wolfgang Streeck (eds) (2013), Politics in the Age of Austerity, Cambridge, Polity Press
par Arthur Borriello (CEVIPOL, Université libre de Bruxelles)

Sezin Topçu (2013), La France nucléaire. L’art de gouverner une technologie contestée, Paris, Seuil
par Marie-Aurore Ghis Malfilatre (CEMS, EHESS)

Georges Felouzis, Christian Maroy, Agnès van Zanten (2013), Les Marchés scolaires. Sociologie d’une politique publique d’éducation, Paris, PUF
par Philippe Bongrand (ÉMA, Université de Cergy-Pontoise)

Aurélien Évrard (2013), Contre vents et marées. Politiques des énergies renouvelables en Europe, Paris, Presses de Sciences Po
par Arthur Jobert (GRETS) et Mathieu Brugidou (GRETS et PACTE)