Violence et politique au Moyen-Orient
Politics and Violence in the Middle East
The chain of violence is long: geopolitical conflicts concerning borders that were imposed almost a century ago (Iraq, Palestine, Libya, Kurdish regions); ideological violence (Arab nationalism, Pan-Syrianism, Zionism, Ba'athism, Islamism, etc.) that rapidly exclude the Other (opponents, minorities, women, etc.) or ignore the rule of law (truncated elections, government surveillance, emergency laws, etc.). Without even mentioning the corruption and the clientelism behind oil income.
The authors describe the mechanisms of this violence that stemming from the rejection of politics, through five points of view: territorial, ideological, economic, ethno-religious and diplomatic.
The authors: Pierre Blanc is Doctor in Geopolitics, Professor at the Institut of political studies of Bordeaux and author of Proche-Orient: le pouvoir, la terre et l’eau (Presses de Sciences Po, 2013). Jean-Paul Chagnollaud is Professor of Political Science, Director of the Institute for Research and Studies on the Mediterranean and the Middle East (Iremmo).