Revue française de science politique 64-2, avril 2014

L'État en Amérique : nouveaux regards
First Edition

Table of contents: The State in the U.S. Between Political Invisibility and Institutional Fragmentation- Why can't Americans see the State?- Federalism and Policy Instability- Veto-Player or Agent of Reform? Congress, Health Care Entitlements, end the Changing American State- How America's "Devolution Revolution" Reshaped its Federalism Read More

Daniel Béland, François Vergniolle de Chantal
THE STATE IN THE U.S. BETWEEN POLITICAL INVISIBILITY AND INSTITUTIONAL FRAGMENTATION
Since the 1980s, both American political scientists and historians have been rediscovering their "State" and its specificities, especially its relative invisibility and its high degree of fragmentation. This debate paralleled the rise of new methodologies in political science, such as historical institutionalism and American Political Development (APD). This introduction summarizes the key elements of these methodologies while presenting the articles making up this special issue.

Adam Sheingate
WHY CAN'T AMERICANS SEE THE STATE?
This essay examines public-sector employment in order to grasp the distinctive character of the American state. Looked at comparatively, the American state is anything but small or weak. Rather, befitting a federal system, public authority in the United States is exercised largely through state and local government. What is distinctive about the American state is the concentration of public-sector employment in three areas: education, defense, and public safety. This pattern reflects a historical legacy of American state-building. The result has been a set of institutions that hides or conceals public authority in various ways.

Timothy J. Conlan
FEDERALISM AND POLICY INSTABILITY: CENTRALIZATION AND DECENTRALIZATION IN CONTEMPORARY AMERICAN FEDERALISM
From a long historical perspective, American federalism has undergone a secular trend toward governmental centralization. State and local governments continue to play vital roles in politics, policy making, and policy implementation in the United States, but the balance of power and resources has shifted toward Washington. Masked within this long term trend have been many shorter cycles of political centralization and decentralization, however. This article examines the intergovernmental implications of the national policy changes adopted over the past thirty years, with a particular focus on the interactions between American federalism and the welfare state. It discusses the political forces that appear to have increased the volatility of centralizing and devolutionary cycles in American politics, and it places these changes into broader historical perspective.

Kimberly J. Morgan
VETO-PLAYER OR AGENT OF REFORM? CONGRESS, HEALTH CARE ENTITLEMENTS, AND THE CHANGING AMERICAN STATE
Congress presents an array of hurdles to potential legislation. This paper reconsiders that view in light of some important changes made to health policy in the past three decades. The passage of these reforms reflects changes in the functioning of Congress, including the construction of greater bureaucratic capacity and centralization of power in the hands of party leaders. The findings of the paper have implications for scholars of the American state, who tend either to ignore Congress or to view it as a source of political fragmentation. Congress should be thought of as an important component of the overall state apparatus and it is not only a veto player, but also at times an agent of reform.

Thad Kousser
HOW AMERICA'S "DEVOLUTION REVOLUTION" RESHAPED ITS FEDERALISM
American federalism is constantly in flux. The “devolution revolution” of the mid-1990s gave states tremendous power to rewrite the rules of their welfare programs, changed the fiscal incentives that states face, and initiated a massive health insurance expansion funded primarily by the federal government but implemented, with great latitude, by states. How did states react? How did this change the social safety net in the United States, and how did it reshape the nation's distinct brand of federalism? This essay explores these questions; both through a close focus how devolution played out in California and through a broader look at trends across the states.


Paperback - In French 24.00 €

InfoPlease note - orders will resume shipping from Monday August 17

Specifications


Publisher
Presses de Sciences Po
Author
,
Journal
Revue française de science politique
ISSN
00352950
Language
French
Tags
United States of America
Publisher Category
> Political Science
Publisher Category
> Politics
BISAC Subject Heading
POL000000 POLITICAL SCIENCE
Onix Audience Codes
06 Professional and scholarly
CLIL (Version 2013-2019)
3283 SCIENCES POLITIQUES
Credit
Presses de Sciences Po
Title First Published
22 April 2014
Subject Scheme Identifier Code
Thema subject category: Politics & government
Type of Work
Journal Issue
Includes
Bibliography

Paperback


Publication Date
22 April 2014
ISBN-13
978-2-7246-3369-6
Product Content
Text (eye-readable)
Extent
Main content page count : 192
Code
9782724633696
Dimensions
16 x 24 x 1 cm
Weight
310 grams
List Price
24.00 €
ONIX XML
Version 2.1, Version 3

Google Book Preview


Contents


L'ÉTAT EN AMÉRIQUE : NOUVEAUX REGARDS

L’État en Amérique.
Entre invisibilité politique et fragmentation institutionnelle
Daniel Béland, François Vergniolle de Chantal

Pourquoi les Américains ne voient-ils pas l’État ?
Adam Sheingate

Effets de cycle et centralisation politique au sein du fédéralisme américain contemporain
Timothy J. Conlan

Obstruction ou réforme ?
Le Congrès, la réforme du système de santé et les mutations de l’État fédéral
Kimberly J. Morgan

La « dévolution ».
Une reformulation du fédéralisme américain
Thad Kousser

CONTROVERSE
La puissance des institutions.
Apports et limites de l’analyse de conversations « ordinaires » des Allemands sur les crimes nazis
François Buton

CHRONIQUE BIBLIOGRAPHIQUE
LECTURES CRITIQUES
Quelles recompositions de l’autoritarisme dans le monde arabe ?
Philippe Droz-Vincent

Le sacrifice politique de soi
Mathias Delori

La société du risque à l’épreuve de l’histoire : une digression heuristique de l’état de l’art vers quelques histoires surprenantes
David Smadja

COMPTES RENDUS
Manuel Castells, Communication et Pouvoir
Érik Neveu

Marie-Laure Basilien-Gainche, État de droit et états d’exception. Une conception de l’État
Geneviève Koubi

Steven J. Mock, Symbols of Defeat in the Construction of National Identity
Adrien Fauve

Jordan Branch, The Cartographic State. Maps, Territory, and the Origins of Sovereignty
Christophe Wasinski

Alfio Mastropaolo, Is Democracy a Lost Cause ? Paradoxes of an Imperfect Invention
Guy Hermet

Alberto Simpser, Why Governments and Parties Manipulate Elections. Theory, Practice, and Implications
Thomas Ehrhard

Theda Skocpol, Vanessa Williamson, The Tea Party and the Remaking of Republican Conservatism
Magali Della Sudda

Dennis S. Ippolito, Deficits, Debt, and the New Politics of Tax Policy
B. Guy Peters

Michael Edwards (ed.), The Oxford Handbook of Civil Society
Nathalie Berny

Marion Carrel, Faire participer les habitants ? Citoyenneté et pouvoir d’agir dans les quartiers populaires
Héloïse Nez

Maxime Quijoux, Néolibéralisme et autogestion. L’expérience argentine
Maricel Rodríguez Blanco

Patrick Bruneteaux (dir.), Les enfants de Don Quichotte. Sociologie d’une improbable mobilisation nationale
Bruno Frère

Caterina Carta, The European Union Diplomatic Service. Ideas, Preferences and Identities
Véronique Dimier

Lorena Ruano (ed.), The Europeanization of National Foreign Policies Towards Latin America
Alvaro Artigas Pereira

Huseyin Sevim, La politique européenne de la Turquie. Acteurs, processus et enjeux (1980-2008)
Chantal Lavallée

Ryan K. Beasley, Juliet Kaarbo, Jeffrey S. Lantis, Michael T. Snarr (eds), Foreign Policy in Comparative Perspective. Domestic and International Influences on State Behavior
Frédéric Ramel

Jarrod Hayes, Constructing National Security. U.S. Relations with India and China
Jean-Loup Samaan

Noé Cornago, Plural Diplomacies. Normative Predicaments and Functional Imperatives
Frédéric Ramel

Françoise Piotet, Marc Loriol, David Delfolie, Splendeurs et misères du travail des diplomates
Marie-Christine Kessler

David R. Bewley-Taylor, International Drug Control. Consensus Fractured
François-Xavier Dudouet

David P. Forsythe, Human Rights in International Relations
Olivier de Frouville

Brett V. Benson, Constructing International Security. Alliances, Deterrence, and Moral Hazard
Thierry Balzacq

Yves Tiberghien, L’Asie et le futur du monde
Jean-Louis Thiébault

Chloé Froissart, La Chine et ses migrants. La conquête d’une citoyenneté
Gilles Guiheux

Michel Agier, La condition cosmopolite. L’anthropologie à l’épreuve du piège identitaire
Évelyne Ritaine

Giuliano Garavini, After Empires. European Integration, Decolonization, & the Challenge from the Global South. 1957-1986
Véronique Dimier

Leslie McCall, The Underserving Rich. American Beliefs about Inequality, Opportunity, and Redistribution
Ulrike Lepont

Jason L. Mast, The Performative Presidency. Crisis and Resurrection During the Clinton Years
Thomas Ehrhard

Peter A. Hall, Michèle Lamont (eds), Social Resilience in the Neoliberal Era
Cyril Benoît

Rüdiger K. W. Wurzel, Anthony R. Zito, Andrew J. Jordan, Environmental Governance in Europe. A Comparative Analysis of New Environmental Policy Instruments
Aurélien Evrard

Lorenzo Barrault, Gouverner par accommodements. Stratégies autour de la carte scolaire
Hélène Buisson-Fenet

Jules Naudet, Entrer dans l’élite. Parcours de réussite en France, aux États-Unis et en Inde
Leonora Dugonjic´

Jeanne Lazarus, L’épreuve de l’argent. Banques, banquiers, clients
Gilles Laferté

Jean-Christophe Graz, Nafi Niang (dir.), Services sans frontières. Mondialisation, normalisation et régulation de l’économie des services
Andy Smith

Claude Arditi, Pierre Janin, Alain Marie (dir.), La lutte contre l’insécurité alimentaire au Mali. Réalités et faux semblants
Isaline Bergamaschi

Denis-Constant Martin, Sounding the Cape. Music, Identity and Politics in South Africa
Yauheni Kryzhanouski