Le fétichisme du patrimoine
Essai sur un fondement de la classe moyenne
So that capitalism will last, the welfare state has imposed a growing gap between production and distribution relations. There is concentration of capital in the former, a diffusion of property in the latter. In this gap, a vast patrimonial middle class has arisen whose birth and political stakes can be followed throughout the 19th and 20th centuries. Why does access to patrimonial property retain the same appeal, when social protection has eliminated the fear of tomorrow ? The right of inheritance takes its full meaning as between the sacred and the profane at the middle of the 19th century, when the Catholic hierarchy and secular positivism joined in imposing the family tomb. The patrimony prolongs the person of the testator in that of the heir. It is his duty to keep it, to increase it if possible, and to transmit it. Reduced to his assets, the individual gains the belief in a material perpétuation.